The first settlement on this territory dates back to 3rd century BC. Later the Phoenicians and the Carthaginians used it as a port of call. In the 10th century loyalist Muslim warriors built a ribat (fortified monastery) here. It was founded in the 12th century by Yacoub el-Mansour, the great Almohad conqueror who built over three miles of fortifications of which two gates still stand today. With the collapse of the Almohad dynasty came the decline of Rabat. In 1250 the Marinades abandoned Rabat and made Fes the new capitol. The Cosair Republic of the Bou Regreg was established in 1627 and came to an end in 1818. The Alaouite sultan, Moulay Rachid, and subsequently Moulay Ismail are recognized for squelching the flagrant piracy in the area and promoting prosperous foreign trade. In 1912 when Morocco became a French Protectorate, Rabat was made the capitol once again.
Rabat’s main attractions include the Medina, Rue Souika, Rue Des Consuls, Kasbah of the Oudayas, Hassan Tower, Chellah, Archaeological Museum, Oudaias Museum, Natural Science Museum, Postal Museum, Royal Palace, Mohammed V Mausoleum, Dar Es Salim Royal Golf Club and the Andalous gardens. Rabat is a must stop destination as part of your Morocco Tours.