Zenata Berbers from the Meknassa tribe founded Meknes in the 9th century. The Almoravids captured the town in 1069. Meknes became prosperous and was the target of a siege by the Lemonades who eventually succeeded in 1145. In the early 12th century the Marinades invaded and captured the Meknes. In the 15th century the Berbers were driven out by the Arabs and Meknes passed from the Watt asides to the Saadians.During the reign of Moulay Ismail in the 17th century, the city experienced a golden age of growth and prosperity. In 1672, Moulay Ismail was proclaimed sultan of the new Alaouite dynasty. He chose Meknes as his political and military capital and revisioned it to his imperial standards. Over a period of 50 years Moulay Ismail built palaces, mosques, fountains, terraces, gardens, stables and shops to fill his mighty 3 layer ramparts. Today, tourists and residents alike enjoy the timeless grandeur of this imperial city that is often compared to Versailles.Meknes is famous for its wood, metal and mosaic craftsmanship. Surrounded by enchanting countryside, Meknes is less touristy, more provincial with a slower pace than Fes. Attractions include Moulay Ismail Mausoleum, Bab al-Mansour, Jamai Palace Museum of Moroccan Arts, the Medina, Bab Jedid, Habs Kara, the souks, Bou Inania Medersa, Palais des Idrissides and the nearby ancient Roman city of Volubilis
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